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- 1905 Treaty of Portsmouth
The following persons signed the 1713 Treaty of Portsmouth. (H.C. is Harvard College with graduation date)
Governor of Massachusetts, Joseph Dudley, Esq.
Councillors of Massachusetts:
Benjamin Lynde – H.C. 1686
Samuel Sewell – H.C. 1671
Penn Townsend – H.C. 1693
John Wheelwright – p. 744 Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire, Sybil Noyes, 1928-1939. Noyes, Libby, Davis; Genealogical Publishing Company; 1996.
Royal Govenor Joseph Dudley, Esq.
NEW HAMPSHIRE’S STRUGGLE FOR RECOGNITION
The 1713 Treaty of Portsmouth marks a watershed in the long struggle of the merchant faction of New Hampshire to achieve independence from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, which had administered the government of the province with a few short interruptions since the 1640s. Gov. Phipps’ treaty with the Eastern Indians in 1693 makes no mention or acknowledgement of New Hampshire even though the province was issued a separate royal charter two years before. The 1713 Treaty names New Hampshire as an equal party to the agreement and is signed by the full Provincial Council. All subsequent treaties include New Hampshire as a full participant. This is significant because the treaties were negotiated by the provinces on behalf of the Queen and copies were returned to the colonial office in London. The inclusion of New Hampshire and the authority of its council is a bold assertion of provincial sovereignty. The inclusion of John Bridger, Surveyor General of Her Majesty’s Woods, as a signer with the New Hampshire contingent further asserts the tiny province’s importance to the crown’s strategic interests. From 1705 to 1775 the office of Surveyor General for all of North America was quartered at Portsmouth. In addition, many of the signers of the treaty were leaders in the efforts to separate the governments.
The Councilors of New Hampshire:
Richard Waldron III, son of the Richard Waldron who had successfully defended the provincial government against the proprietary claims of Governor Allen and grandson of Col. Richard Waldron (killed 1689); Secretary and Collector for New Hampshire. His portrait hangs in the parlor of Historic New England's Gov. John Langdon House in Portsmouth with a portrait of his wife the daughter of Col. Thomas Westbrook, Portsmouth Plains resident, owner of 1716 Globe Tavern.
William and George Vaughn and John Newman’s brother Henry had each been previously hired by the province as agent to represent its interests with the Board of Trade in London, to offer policy views that contrasted with the reports of Governor Dudley. William, a political ally of Richard Waldron and Portsmouth resident would become Lt. Governor
Peter Coffin – a Dover trader and partner with Captain Richard Waldron in the trading post at Pennacook. Signed 689 petition to raise taxes for defense and military officers.
Robert Elliott -- Great Island resident. Petitioned 1682 that Great Island needed own minister.
Nathaniel Weare – Political ally of Richard Waldron. Lt. Gov Wentworth dropped a libel suit against Weare in 1717 among attempts to reconcile the factions.
Samuel Penhallow -- author of The History of thee Wars of New England with the Eastern Indians. A judge, magistrate, chief justice and Treasurer of the colony. Married Mary Cutt, daughter of Ursula Cutt who was killed in an Indian attack in 1681. Signed 1689 petition to raise taxes for defense and military officers.
John Plaisted – York, Maine resident. Signed 1689 petition to raise taxes for defense and military officers.
Mark Hunking, Jr. – owned 11 acres on Little Harbor that would become the estate of Royal Governor Benning Wentworth when Hunking’s daughter married John Wentworth.
John Wentworth – Named Lt. Governor in 1716. Married Sarah Hunking. Father of first NH Royal Governor Benning Wentworth.
Three days after the treaty was signed, the New Hampshire Council appointed signers John Plaisted, Mark Hunking, and John Wentworth to a commission to settle the boundary of the province. Massachusetts had agreed to authorize the commission in May. It took nearly thirty years, but the children of these signers ultimately prevailed in getting an extraordinarily favorable judgment on the boundary that doubled the size of the province and installed a fully independent government with John Wentworth’s son, Benning, as the first Royal Governor of New Hampshire.
Other prominent signers from New Hampshire: Nathaniel Rogers -- Puritan son of the president of Harvard. 1704 fire burned his home on Pleasant Street. Rebuilt at corner of Congress & Church Street. Buried at Point of Graves. George Vaughn -- Later named Lieutenant Governor; a political ally of Richard Waldron.Col. Shadrach Walton – Commanded Ft. William & Mary before 1684 and headed NH forces at Port Royal in 1710. Served as judge on Court of Common Pleas 1695-98 and 1716-37. Member of Governor’s Council 1716-33. Portsmouth tavern owner.
Jabez Fitch – author, History of New Hampshire. Built a house in 1719 on "The Hill" in Portsmouth, near Deer Street. Succeeded Rev. Nathaniel Rogers at North Church in 1724.
Samuel Gerrish – Originally form Hampton NH where his family had purchased a share in 1679 of the original Mason patent claim to New Hampshire. Built house on "The Hill" neighboring Fitch.
John Gilman, Jr. – Of the prominent Gilman Family in Exeter. Signed 1682 petition to General Court for NH to receive equal treatment as MA
James Livermore – Arrived 1703. Livermore Street named for him. Joseph Hiller, Jr. -- Boston lawyer, militia captain and innkeeper. Clerk who kept the journal of the proceedings at 1713 and 1714 meetings with Wabanaki. Graduated Harvard in 1705, proclaimed provincial laws to the public 1714-18.
Sam Plaisted & NH Councillor John Plaisted -- From York, Maine. Signed 1689 petition to raise a tax for defense and military officers.
Jonathan Newmarch – Owner of Deer Tavern in Portsmouth (for which Deer Street is named.)
George Jaffrey – Born in New Castle, 1682. Graduated Harvard in 1702 and admitted to the bar. Settled in Portsmouth and in 1710 began serving as its delegate to the Assembly. Associate justice of the NH supreme court in 1717; chief justice in 1726. Built house on Linden, opposite Daniel St. in 1730.
Richard Wibird – Arrived in Portsmouth in the late 1600s as a steward, married Mrs. Due of Hampton who owned a market and became a prominent merchant who by 1727 owned 5 houses (and 3 slaves). Built Oracle House, now at corner of Court and Marcy Streets. Was one of 4 NH delegates to attend the Albany Conference of 1754 to discuss relations with the Iroquois Six Nations.
J. Bridger -- Surveyor General of Her Majesty’s Woods. His inclusion as a signer with the New Hampshire contingent further asserts the tiny province’s importance to the crown’s strategic interests. From 1705 to 1775 the office of Surveyor General for all of North America was quartered at Portsmouth.
William Dudley – H.C. 1704
Stephen Eastwick – (Noyes, Libby Davis) b. Oct 1679, Cambridge. Sea captain, Great Island, Kittery, Jury 1715, foreman 1717. List 315c. M by 1702 Elizabeth Fernald who d. 26 Apr 1714 age 31-20-20 (grst); 2nd, 2 Dec 1714 Sarah Shapleigh, both liv. 1754
James Jaffrey – Noyes et al p. 376
John Kennard – Noyes et al. p. 396
John Leighton – Noyes et al p. 427
Samuel Lynde – Noyes et al. p. 449
Edmund Quincy – H. C. 1699
J. Redknap -- Captain. "Her Majesty's Engineer General for the Continent of America." Successor to Colonel Wolfgang William Romer (builder of Castle William in Boston Harbor in 1701-1703) who did the NewCastle drawings 1699). In 1705 Redknap did the drawings of Castle Island (Castle Wm) in Boston Harbor & the So. & No. Batteries there, also Marblehead and Salem; the Casco Bay Fort in Falmouth; Pemaquid Fort, Bristol, ME; and probably the famous 1705 profile of Ft. William & Mary in New Castle.
Richard Saltonstall – H.C. 1695
Nicholas Sever – H.C. 1701
Jonathan Thing – Noyes et al p. 678
Josiah Willard – H.C. 1698
Jeremiah Wise – H.C. 1700
"We whose names are hereunto subscribed, delegates for the several tribes of the Indians, belonging unto the River of Kenybeck, Amarascogen, St. Johns, Saco, Merrimac, and parts adjacent ... In witness whereof, we, the delegates aforesaid, by name Kireberuit, Iteansis, and Jackoit for Penobscot, Joseph and Eneas for St. Johns, Waracansit, Wedaranaquin, and Bomoseen for Kennebeck, have hereunto set our hands and seals, the day and year first above written [July 1713]:
Aeneas (St. John's)
Joseph (St. John's)